Before the Singularity: Preparing for a Nearer Future – Part 4


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Rainbow Gravity Theory for Peck Article

A prism is used to illustrate how–according to Rainbow Gravity theory–the force of Gravity may affect different wavelengths of light. (Image source: Wikimedia Commons)

By Josh Peck

Throughout this series, we have been looking into possible emerging technologies and discoveries that are currently predicted to occur prior to the technological singularity of 2045. We looked into CERN and a graviton communication system that may be built in order to send messages to higher dimensions. Last month, we delved into questions about quantum consciousness. We discussed how it could herald in the singularity itself and what that means for us as Christians.

In this installment, we are going to look at another possible discovery that may take place in our near future. This is something that involves time and the creation of the universe. There are high hopes in the physics community that this discovery will be made with help of the LHC at CERN.

Rainbow Gravity Theory

This theory, often referred to as “Gravity’s Rainbow” or “Rainbow Gravity Theory (RGT),” makes some rather interesting predictions. These predictions are completely against the biblical account of creation. Before we can examine the predictions, it will be good to have a background on the theory itself.

Rainbow gravity is an attempt to combine the theory of general relativity with quantum mechanics.[1] What RGT basically states is gravity affects light differently depending on the wavelength.[2] This effect is comparable to light that is shown through a prism. The prism affects the various wavelengths differently and a rainbow emerges. In the case of gravity, if this effect exists, it would be very minimal to objects such as the earth or moon, but would be noticeable with black holes. In fact, it has been theorized that if you were able to get close enough to a black hole to see light cross the event horizon, you would not see white light. You would instead see a rainbow encircling the event horizon of the black hole.

The Problem Prediction

What makes this theory important for us to keep an eye on isn’t necessarily the idea itself, but the implications. If RGT is ever proven true, it would certainly be big news, however what the theory predicts might be more interesting than the theory itself to the general public.

According to RGT, the universe did not begin with the Big Bang. In fact, the universe had no beginning at all. It is believed that if RGT is correct, the early universe was much different than the current thinking states. Given the vast amount of energy that would be required for gravity’s rainbow to be real, it would mean if you were to retrace time backward, the universe would keep getting denser and denser, reaching closer to infinite density but never quite getting there.[3] Thus, time in the universe would stretch backward in time infinitely and there would be no beginning.

Of course, the idea of the universe being infinitely old runs in direct opposition to the biblical creation account in the book of Genesis, as well as other places.[4] If RGT is proven scientifically true, Christians will have a choice to make. Either we can reject the science altogether or we can accept the science and reject the interpretation. The former might be the knee-jerk reaction of most but personally I suggest the latter. It helps if we can understand the science behind the conclusion so we can provide a better and more biblically-accurate answer. RGT predicts the universe is infinitely old and physicists at the LHC are excited to try and prove it.[5]

The basic way physicists are trying to test RGT is with use of the LHC at CERN. One of the predictions of this theory states that miniature black holes should be able to be created at a certain energy level that is much lower than would be expected otherwise. Another result of this is it would prove the existence of extra dimensions of space. Dr. Mir Faizal is quoted as saying:

“We have calculated the energy at which we expect to detect these mini black holes in gravity’s rainbow [a new theory]. If we do detect mini black holes at this energy, then we will know that both gravity’s rainbow and extra dimensions are correct.”[6]

High up on the LHC’s to-do list is to determine if miniature black holes can be created to prove the existence of extra dimensions and gravity’s rainbow. Black holes are certainly a concern for many, but there might be a more pressing issue for Christians if this theory is ever proven true.

Prepared to Provide an Answer

It seems the more pressing issue could be deciding what we are going to believe if and when the discovery is announced. If we turn on the news one day and see that physicists have proven RGT, which predicts the universe had no beginning but is infinitely old, what kind of answer are we going to give? For people with serious questions and whose faith might be shaken due to this news, something more than passing the whole thing off as nonsense will be required.

There are at least a couple of things we can point out. First off, the idea of the universe being infinitely old doesn’t only make zero biblical sense, but it really is also hard to grasp scientifically. If the universe is infinitely old, it would be in a state of maximum entropy and perfect equilibrium. Whatever the universe is currently moving and expanding towards, that would have already happened. Everything would be evenly spaced out, of equal temperature, and life as we currently know and understand it would be impossible. Space would not be expanding or contracting; that would have already been completed. The universe would be “static”, meaning everything would be uniform.[7] Before the discovery of the expansion of the universe, Albert Einstein once believed in a temporally infinite, yet spatially finite, universe. After Edwin Hubble had discovered the universe is expanding, however, Einstein recanted this belief and called it his “biggest blunder”.[8] Clearly, we do not live in a temporally nor spatially infinite universe.

There is another problem we could explore. That is the problem of infinity existing at all in physical existence. If we think about what the word “infinite” actually means and apply it logically, we can understand how impossible of a notion it is within the bounds of our current reality. Of course, infinity is perfectly possible when it comes to God and biblical descriptions of eternity. However, from a purely physical standpoint, infinity is impossible.

An easy way to understand why this must be so is to first assume the universe is infinite, then follow that line of logic. If the universe is infinite and we are a part of the universe, what percentage of the universe are we occupying? This could go for both space and time. If the universe is infinitely old, what percentage of time is the age of the earth, or my lifetime, or today? No matter what percentage number you try and put there, the answer will always come out to infinity. What is 10% of infinity? Infinity. What is 0.00001% of infinity? Still infinity. Infinity is a notion where 1% and 100% are equal. Clearly, our solar system is not of infinite size or age. Earth is not of infinite size nor age. We ourselves are most assuredly not of infinite size nor age. Therefore, if infinity is to exist, it must exist somewhere other than the space we are occupying.

Conclusion

RGT is only one of many unusual theories that are being tested today. Experiments that are being done now with the LHC at CERN could pave the way for a very strange and possibly horrifying future. These are all only possibilities, of course. Though some of these speculations might seem fanciful and far out now, that doesn’t mean there is no legitimate reason to search these things out. What is being done and discussed in scientific circles today would have seemed utterly ridiculous only fifty years ago. Let us not fall into condemnation before investigation. Let us not turn a blind eye to what is being done in the world. Let us research these things out, however strange or impossible they may seem, and see if there is any truth to them. Most importantly, let us present all things before the Lord and follow His instruction and guidance.

[1] http://phys.org/news/2015-01-black-holes-space-theory.html

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainbow_Gravity_theory

[3] http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/large-hadron-collider/11489442/Big-Bang-theory-could-be-debunked-by-Large-Hadron-Collider.html

[4] Exodus 20:11, for example, states “For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.”

[5] http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/large-hadron-collider/11489442/Big-Bang-theory-could-be-debunked-by-Large-Hadron-Collider.html

[6] Ibid.

[7] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Static_universe

[8] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Static_universe#endnote_greatestblunder

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