After the dispersion from Babel, the Hebrew patriarch Abram’s original homeland Ur was in Mesopotamia; Isaac took a wife from there; and Jacob—the ankle grabber—lived there for twenty years. However, Sumer went into a decline. As the book Nephilim Stargates (FREE IN COLLECTION HERE) notes:
As the centuries passed, the god and goddess worshipping cities of the Sumerians began to fade away. The flourishing fields of agriculture that provided the underpinnings of the great Sumerian economy were depleted of fertility through over-irrigation, and residues of salt build-up appeared to chaff the surface of the land. The city-states of Sumeria; Kish, Ur, Lagash, and Umma, damaged by a millennium of civil war, finally surrendered to foreign invasion. The barbarian armies of the Elamites conquered and destroyed the city of Ur, and Amorites from the west overran the northern province of Sumer and subsequently established Babylon as their capital. Babylon became the capital of the First Dynasty of Babylon. The renowned sixth king, Hammurabi, an Amorite, restored the city and expanded its influence. During his reign and that of his son, numerous temples were built.
By B.C.1840, Hammurabi conquered the remaining cities of Sumeria and forged northern Mesopotamia and Sumeria into a single nation. Yet the ultimate demise of the Sumerian people did not vanquish their ideas. Sumerian art, language, literature, and especially religion, was forever absorbed into the cultures and social academics of the nations surrounding Mesopotamia, including the Hittite nation, the Babylonians, and the ancient Assyrians…and something else: the story of flying disks, the gods who flew in them, and gateways through which the evil and benevolent influences sought entry.
Such gateways were represented on earth in Assyrian archways built through elaborate construction ceremonies and blessed by names of good omens. Colossal transgenic creatures stood guard at the gates and palace entries to keep undesirable forces from coming through the portals—important imitative magic thought to represent heavenly ideas—guardians that were often accompanied by winged spirits holding magic devices and magic statuettes concealed beneath the floors.
Sumerian engravings on clay cylinders speak of these flying disks. Very similar winged disks are found throughout Assyrian mythology in association with Ashur, the flying god of war. Ashur is believed to be a later version of Ahura-Mazda, the good god of Zoroastrianism who is opposed by Ahriman. In each case these very ancient beings are depicted coming through or descending from the sky on flying disks. Similar stories are repeated in Egyptian hieroglyphs as well as in the literature of Greece and other cultures around the world.[i]
The city fell to the Hittites in 1600 and then came under Kassite rule. Following attacks by the Assyrians and Elamites, Babylon was restored by Nebuchadnezzar I in 1124.[ii] In the books of Daniel, Kings, and Isaiah, we find historically useful material that can be correlated to the Greek and Babylonian writings: “The Babylonian king Marduk-apal-iddin II (722–711 BC) sent an envoy to Hezekiah (2 Kings 20:12–13 and Isaiah 39:1), with the intention of fighting against Sargon of Assyria, who however defeated him.”[iii] Babylon first destroyed Nineveh and then turned its aggression toward the kingdom of Judah. In 605 BC, the Babylonians took Jerusalem, exiled thousands of Israelites including the prophets Ezekiel and Daniel, and installed Zedekiah on the throne (Daniel 1:1–21; 2 Kings 24; 2 Chronicles 36). Jerusalem was finally demolished in 586 BC, Zedekiah’s eyes were blinded, and most of the population was exiled to Babylon. This frames the setting of King Nebuchadnezzar’s court in the book of Daniel.
Nebuchadnezzar also invaded Egypt and all of the coastal cities of Canaan to secure the borders of his new empire. For more than two decades after the fall of Jerusalem, Nebuchadnezzar reigned over the colossal Babylonian Empire. His architects raised the capital city of Babylon to the height of its grandeur, adorning it with one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the famed Hanging Gardens.
There was a conscious effort on the part of the leaders to return to the old forms and customs. It has been said that this period might properly be called the Renaissance of Old Babylonia.[iv]
These may have been a reconstruction because Diodorus Siculus and Quintus Curtius Rufus specify that a “Syrian” king originally built the gardens. However, it is not as well known that in addition to the Hanging Hardens and the golden statue of himself, Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt the Tower of Babel.
Nebuchadnezzar and the Gateway to the Gods
Nebuchadnezzar immortalized his efforts on a stele—a stone slab, taller than it is wide, erected as a monument, for commemorative purposes. The Tower of Babel Stele has an interesting history. Today, it belongs to a private collection of Norwegian businessman Martin Schoyen.[v] His book collection contains more than thirteen thousand manuscripts; the oldest book is about five thousand years old. The ancient stele includes the clearest existing image of Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II—the king who promoted Daniel—and the earliest images of the Tower of Babel. With narcissistic zeal, Nebuchadnezzar boasts of his construction prowess on the stele and what many scholars overlook is that he specifically claims reconstruction of the Tower of Babylon. A translation of the ancient stele reads:
ETEMENANKI: ZIKKURAT BABIBLI: “THE HOUSE, THE FOUNDATION OF HEAVEN AND EARTH, ZIGGURAT IN BABYLON”. NEBUCHADNEZZAR, KING OF BABYLON AM I—IN ORDER TO COMPLETE E-TEMEN-ANKI AND E-UR-ME-IMIN-ANKI I MOBILIZED ALL COUNTRIES EVERYWHERE, EACH AND EVERY RULER WHO HAD BEEN RAISED TO PROMINENCE OVER ALL THE PEOPLE OF THE WORLD—THE BASE I FILLED IN TO MAKE A HIGH TERRACE. I BUILT THEIR STRUCTURES WITH BITUMEN AND BAKED BRICK THROUGHOUT. I COMPLETED IT RAISING ITS TOP TO THE HEAVEN, MAKING IT GLEAM BRIGHT AS THE SUN.[vi]
The stele is also interesting for diagrams, in this case, the sacred upper room.
The small building at the top, cella, was a designated temple.[vii] Stan Deyo describes, “The top floor plan has a room for the gods to transit from their world to ours.”[viii] His proposal is in line with contemporary scholarship. An academic historian explains the image:
He illustrates his great accomplishment with carved images of the gloriously rebuilt Tower: one is a ground plan of the temple showing the outer walls and inner rooms, the other an elevation showing the front of the ziggurat with the relative proportions of each of the seven steps and the temple on top. Unambiguously labeled as “The house, the foundation of heaven and earth, the ziggurat in Babylon,” these are the only contemporary images of the tower known to exist.[ix]
So within this floor plan was a portal between realms.
When Deyo was asked if he had a specific opinion concerning which room in the above floor plan hosted the portal, he replied, “I think there could be a portal room where I have the circles.”
Is it possible that Nebuchadnezzar II opened a gate? The notion offers some explanatory scope for his testimony that the Watchers cursed him to have the mind of an animal for seven years, a disciplinary punishment so that he would acknowledge and worship Daniel’s God:
Let his heart be changed from man’s, and let a beast’s heart be given unto him; and let seven times pass over him.
This matter is by the decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones: to the intent that the living may know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will, and setteth up over it the basest of men. (Daniel 4:16–17, emphasis added)
After rebuilding the tower of Babel, he likely experienced the same spiritual transformation as did his predecessor Nimrod. He boasted, “Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty?” (Daniel 4:30). After his humiliation and arguable conversion, Nebuchadnezzar likely dismantled the pagan portal and the ziggurat began the slow but dependable decline toward deterioration.
Cyrus, King of Persia, conquered the city without a battle in 539 BC. He did this by damming up the Euphrates River, which ran under the city walls, and then marching his army into the city via the dry riverbed. The ancient clay Cyrus cylinder seal preserves his nonviolent victory:
When I entered Babylon in a peaceful manner, I took up my lordly reign in the royal palace amidst rejoicing and happiness.… My vast army moved about Babylon in peace; I did not permit anyone to frighten (the people of) [Sumer] and Akkad. I sought the welfare of the city of Babylon and all its sacred centers.[x]
Babylon then became part of the Persian Empire serving as secondary capital. During this period, the Greek historian Herodotus visited Babylon immortalizing the tower. In 440 BC, Herodotus wrote:
In the middle of the precinct there was a tower of solid masonry, a furlong [201 meters] in length and breadth, upon which was raised a second tower, and on that a third, and so on up to eight. The ascent to the top is on the outside, by a path which winds round all the towers. When one is about half-way up, one finds a resting-place and seats, where persons can sit for some time on their way to the summit. On the topmost tower there is a spacious temple, and inside the temple stands a couch of unusual size, richly adorned, with a golden table by its side. There is no statue of any kind set up in the place, nor is the chamber occupied of nights by anyone but a single native woman, who, as the Chaldeans, the priests of this god, affirm, is chosen for himself by the deity out of all the women of the land.[xi]
On the twenty-first or twenty-second of October in 331 BC, Babylon was conquered by Alexander the Great, who began to rebuild the venerated but decaying city.[xii] At that time, most of the debris was cleared away in preparation for the reconstruction of the Tower. But the construction was abandoned after Alexander’s untimely death and then the unmerciful but reliable cycle of neglect, decline, and deterioration continued. By the New Testament era, the Chaldean capital was no more than a famous heap of ruins.[xiii] We suggest it is likely one of the most haunted places on earth, one that will overflow when “the day of the Lord cometh, Cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, To lay the land desolate: And he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it” (Isaiah 13:9).
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Prophecy, 2025, ‘The Messenger’ Apophis, and the Terrible Gods Coming With It
In the early twentieth century, excavations by German archaeologist Robert Koldeway uncovered substantial remains from the Neo-Babylonian Period, including the location of the Tower of Babylon.[xiv] Interestingly, he was still able to hire local residents to assist with the dig because Babylon had never become the uninhabited wasteland predicted in prophecy (Isaiah 13:20; cf. Jeremiah 51:26).[xv] Because Babylon was never destroyed in war as Isaiah and Jeremiah describe, it seems reasonable to expect a future satisfaction. Chuck Missler suggests: “It is illuminating to read—at one sitting—the six principal chapters dealing this topic: Isaiah 13 and 14, Jeremiah 50 and 51 and Revelation 17 and 18.”[xvi]
Before his execution, Saddam Hussein was determined to rebuild the city. Accordingly, premillennial dispensational scholars like Charles Dyer[xvii] and Mark Hitchcock[xviii] argued, convincingly at the time, for a literal Babylon as a future geopolitical force. However, in the aftermath of the US intervention, Hussein is now dead, and today, the “Sacred Complex of Babylon” is a UNESCO world heritage site under protection from the United Nations.[xix] As this series is being posted, one wonders under what conditions Babylon could be rebuilt. Perhaps the arrival of Antichrist holds the answer.
In his fictional series, Babylon Rising, told through the eyes of a biblical archaeologist, Tim LaHaye suggested that the UN will eventually move its headquarters to Babylon, Iraq.[xx] If so, it provides an elegant solution to the prophetic puzzle, allowing one to resolve most of the troublesome details literally. Chuck Missler responded, “At first this may sound fanciful, but it seems that the UN is highly desirous of moving out of New York for several reasons: they feel too cramped to contain badly needed growth; and, they also have a desire to get out from under the domestic policies there.”[xxi]
With protected UNESCO status, whether or not physical Babylon becomes a geopolitical player may be beside the point. Given the UN’s transparent penchant for occultism,[xxii] it is safe to assume the site is being accessed by the occult elite. The human tendency to underestimate the fallen ones is predictable. For this reason, a Babel portal—opening up to release its denizens of destruction—remains on the table of logical options as a reasonable, if not likely, resolution to the Babylon oracles.
UP NEXT: The Return of the Nephilim in Isaiah
[i] Thomas Horn, Nephilim Stargates (Crane, MO: Defender, 2007) 34–35.
[ii]Allen C. Myers, Eerdmans Bible Dictionary (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1987) 117.
[iii] David Noel Freedman, The Anchor Bible Dictionary (New York: Doubleday, 1996, c1992) 1:563.
[iv]J I. Packer, Merrill C. Tenney, and William White, eds., The World of the Old Testament, Nelson Handbook Series (Nashville: T. Nelson, 1982) 154.
[vi]MS 2063, “The Tower of Babel Stele,” http://www.schoyencollection.com/history-collection-introduction/babylonian-history-collection/tower-babel-stele-ms-2063 (accessed December 30, 2014).
[vii] “Levels of a Ziggurat,” http://faculty.evansville.edu/rl29/art105/img/ziggurat_diagram.gif.
[viii]Private email to Putnam.
[x]William W. Hallo and K. Lawson Younger, Context of Scripture (Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2000) 315.
[xii]“Alexander the Great Enters Babylon,” http://www.livius.org/aj-al/alexander/alexander_t44.html.
[xiii] Avraham Negev, The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (New York: Prentice Hall, 1990).
[xvii]Charles H. Dyer, The Rise of Babylon: Is Iraq at the Center of the Final Drama?, updated ed. (Chicago: Moody, 2003).
[xviii]Mark Hitchcock, The Second Coming of Babylon (Sisters, OR: Multnomah, 2003).
[xx]Tim F. LaHaye and Bob Phillips, Babylon Rising: The Europa Conspiracy (New York: Bantam, 2005) 167.
[xxii] “A Room of Quiet” The Meditation Room, United Nations Headquarters, http://www.un.org/Depts/dhl/dag/meditationroom.htm (accessed December 31, 2014).