Since 1956, Baalbek (often spelled “Baalbeck” or “Baalbec”) has been home to “the oldest and most prestigious cultural event in the Middle East,”[i] known simply as the “Baalbeck International Festival.” Although this annual summer event suffered great decline, followed by temporary cessation between the years 2006 and 2007 as a result of political instability, by 2008, it had “regained its place in the line of the most prestigious international festivals with varied and excellent [Lebanese] cultural quality programs performed by great artists inside the magnificent Baalbeck Acropolis.”[ii] A curious outsider traveling major Roman historical sites for the first time will find the attention-grabbing sights, sounds, celebrations, and almost explosive energies bursting forth from the seams of this small location—spanning less than three square miles—a tourism force to be reckoned with. Amongst the appearances and performances of internationally acclaimed stars of the music, television, and film industries as well as many celebrated stage performers, one might struggle to find time to breathe, let alone rest, in this town that never sleeps every June through August.
However, when September rolls around, the tent stakes are pulled, and the vacationers all return home from the lively festival. Even then, and despite how deserted and forgotten the area looks in pictures of crumbling temple ruins, Baalbek continues to welcome an almost never-ending line of spectators all year round. Professional scholars, historians, architects, and archaeologists continue to name Baalbek one of the greatest mysteries in world history for its monumentally scaled temple ruins and enigmatic findings at the nearby quarry.
Known by early inhabitants (ca. 334 BC after Alexander the Great’s victory in the Near East) as “Heliopolis”—which translates to “City of the Sun” from the Greek helios (“sun”) and polis (“city”)—Baalbek was one of the most prevalent sanctuaries in the Roman Empire, and its structures are some of the most well preserved standing today. Much discussion has centered around theories that the town may have been an ancient settlement predating Roman rule by centuries at least, and recent pottery fragment finds along the trench channeling the Jupiter temple now date the site to between the “Pre-Pottery Neolithic B Age” (or “PPNB,” representing the latter stages of the Stone Age before mankind could craft pottery, approximately 8000 BP [“Before Present”] and 6000 BCE) and the Iron Age (approximately 1200 BC–AD 550).[iii] Several skeletons and some pottery from Persia were discovered under the Roman flagstones, indicating additional settlement evidence dating to around 550 BC.[iv]
The largest confirmed ancient stone building block on earth at the time of this writing (see note about Mount Shoria later in this chapter) was found in Baalbek by German archaeologists in the middle of 2014 at the quarry of a building site from which gigantic stones had been used for the podium of the enormous “Temple of Jupiter” (built later on by the Romans atop the original mound construction, “Tel Baalbek”). This unfathomable monolith measures in at 64 feet (19.6 meters) in length, 19.6 feet (6 meters) wide, and 18 feet (5.5 meters) high, and is estimated to weigh 1,650 tons (3,300,000 million pounds).[v]
Prior to the unearthing of this giant rock last year, one of the largest quarried stones on earth had been the “Stone of the Pregnant Woman” (Hajjar al-Hibla), also located in Baalbek, which protrudes out of the ground at a sloping angle directly alongside the even larger stone found last year. There are several stories and claims behind the naming of this rock. One tells of a pregnant woman who duped the Baalbek inhabitants into believing she held the secret behind lifting and moving the rock in one piece. In trade for her secret, they would feed her and the baby in her womb and take care of all her prenatal needs, but after her child was born, no hidden truths emerged, and the stone has remained tilted out of the ground ever since.[vi] Another story suggests that jinn—the Arabian and Islamic mythical beings made of smokeless, yet corporeal, fire—assigned their pregnant women to move the stones, and when one such jinn heard the news that Solomon had died, she excitedly dropped it to the ground where it still lay.[vii] Yet another rumor lingers around the local area that the name originated from the stone’s ability to increase the fertility of any woman who touches it.[viii] Whatever the true origin of its name, the Stone of the Pregnant Woman (weighing just over 1,000 tons [approximately 2,205,000 pounds]) is estimated to have required more than forty thousand laborers to move it,[ix] though the sources that suggest this number seldom seem to provide a convincing answer as to how that would have been accomplished with the building technology of the time regardless of the number of available work hands. It is so close to its newly found and massive counterpart that a fascinated voyager to Baalbek can reach out and touch two of the largest stones on earth at the same time. (Note that there is a third stone across the road from these, more vast than the Stone of the Pregnant Woman, but not as enormous as the most recent find by the Germans in 2014.)
There are many theories in existence, sometimes heatedly debated, regarding who carved the monoliths of Baalbek (both those left at the quarry, and the base stones of the Temple of Jupiter known as the “trilithon”), when they were created, for what purpose, and how they were transported. The mind-boggling reality is that almost every explanation relying on the hands of human men seem to reveal numerous flaws.
Because we know that the Romans were responsible for the building of the uppermost portions of the Temple of Jupiter (as well as the Heliopolis temples of Bacchus and Venus in the Baalbek temple complex over the period of two centuries) based on biographical Roman engineering documentation ordered during the Roman Empire, it seems, for many, quite rational to assume that the Romans were responsible for the larger stones in this area as well.
Visiting that possibility, and focusing only on the Temple of Jupiter, we will start at the top and work our way down. In order to understand these authors’ take on the Romans’ involvement with the monoliths, some knowledge is needed of their usual building practice.
Columns and Corner Stones
There were fifty-four columns raised in the original Temple of Jupiter structure, involving blocks weighing up to sixty tons each (120,000 pounds). Each corner stone weighed over 100 tons (200,000 pounds), and they were hoisted to 62.34 feet (19 meters) above ground surface.[x] The method used for the top of the temple construction could in part be attributed to the Greco-Roman man-operated treadwheel pulleys (pentaspastos or polyspastos, depending on the number of men required to operate), the tools and techniques of which were well documented by engineers Vitruvius (De Architectura 10.2, 1–10) and Heron of Alexandria (Mechanica 3.2–5).
The maximum weight that these early cranes could lift and carry when operated to the absolute maximum capacity of their design and with a full crew did not usually exceed 6,000 kilograms (13,228 pounds).[xi] Mathematically, this would mean that the cranes—when used alone—fell shy of the capability to lift a single corner stone of the Temple of Jupiter by approximately a little under a staggering 200,000 pounds.
The most likely explanation for the additional weight lifting and maneuvering for the top of the Tower of Jupiter—often mentioned by historians and architectural professionals today (and discussed in historical accounts associated with the raising of the Lateranense obelisk of the Circus Maximus [AmmianusMarcellinus 17.4.15] ca. AD 357)—points to the installation of lifting towers (Mechanica 3.5), used in tandem with early capstans (horizontal rotators) fixed upon the ground around the lifting tower. The capstans each contributed less weight-lifting efficiency than did the treadwheel pulleys, but they required fewer men (or animals) to function, and more of them could be placed upon the ground when needed, offering increased leverage overall than the pulleys alone. If more weight was required for the lift of an individual stone, more capstans would be installed on the ground around a lifting tower, and so on.
The average capacity of the joined capstans in tandem with a lifting tower of this era has been estimated at 7.5 tons per capstan,[xii] and the method of lifting by capstan was via attachment to lewis iron holes in each stone. For example: a 60-ton architrave block (one of the stones placed near the top of the Roman columns) from the Tower of Jupiter, discovered with 8 lewis iron holes, delivers this equation: 8 capstans x 7.5 tons per capstan = 60 tons capacity. The architrave blocks in the Jupiter tower weighed up to60 tons, so the capstan/lifting tower combination theory is certainly feasible for the tower stones when inflated for more weight, even for the over-100-ton cornerstones.
With enough capstan and lifting tower installations scattered about, and with the assistance from treadwheel pulleys on the lighter stones, the achievement of the Tower of Jupiter columns above the original and far more ancient foundation stones could be explained and easily attributed to Roman ingenuity.
Below the columns, however, is the trilithon (three extremely large and heavy monoliths, lying between the Tower of Jupiter and the Tel Baalbek mound). This is where we first begin to run into the heated debate regarding the whos and hows of this so-called Roman architecture.
The first theory (more often this theory is merely associated with Arabian lore involving the “magician” works of Solomon, and is therefore taken less seriously than theories involving Roman origin).
Yet, it goes without saying that most great minds that approach the mystery of the trilithon secularly will disregard the idea that Solomon transported the stones by magic. Considering other mainstream theories, one will almost immediately land on the arguments put forth by French archaeologist Jean-Pierre Adam, author of the 1977 scholarly article, A Propos du Trilithon de Baalbek. Let transport et la miseen oeuvre des megaliths[xiii] (“Concerning the Trilithon of Baalbek: Transportation and the Implementation of the Megaliths”). Adam’s approach to the mystery involves a look at the “Thunder Stone,” a giant boulder (one and a half times the weight of the trilithon blocks of Baalbek [1,250,000 kilograms; 2,755,778 pounds])[xiv] that makes up the base of the “Bronze Horseman” (aka the “Statue of Peter the Great”) in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
The composition of the Bronze Horseman statue was ordered by Catherine the Great in an attempt to inflate her position as Peter the Great’s rightful heir. Beginning the planning for the statue in 1766, the Thunder Stone was found in the deep marshlands of Lakhta, just a few miles from the Gulf of Finland, in 1768. Greek engineer Marinos Carburis agreed to oversee the moving of the stone, and began the intimidating trek as soon as manpower resources were in place. The stone was moved approximately four miles (six kilometers) within two years over both land and water. Most land transportation occurred in a nine-month period by four hundred men using ingenious roller tracks and capstans, and water transportation required a gigantic barge built specifically for carrying the Thunder Stone, with the additional requirement of a warship on each side of the barge for further support.
Because the distance between Lakhta and the Senate Square of St. Petersburg is about four miles, and the distance from the trilithon to the quarry in Baalbek is only about 2,600 feet (800 meters), and because the Thunder Stone is larger than the trilithon stones, Adam finds the moving of the trilithon stones an even lesser feat than that of the Thunder Stone when hypothetically applying the same or similar transportation methods.
Understandably, this comparison inspires that “aha” moment for many researchers, and is considered a feasible explanation for the potentially applied physics of the brightest minds in ancient Roman engineering toward the trilithon stones of Baalbek. Adam’s is an interesting theory, for sure, and one that has gained immense following as a result of the Temple Mount structure ordered by Roman client King Herod the Great in Jerusalem, Israel, which is home to base stones weighing close to the same weight as those of the trilithon at Baalbek. These Temple Mount stones (the largest of which is 630 tons) remain unchallenged as Roman origin, so many suggest with good reason that the stones of Baalbek would have only required a slight increase in construction efforts to accomplish. Further, many assume that the three monoliths left at the nearby quarries represent a point at which the Romans bit off more than they could chew, so to speak, cutting and shaping stones that ended up later to be more than their cranes, lifting towers, capstans, etc., could move. This would not only explain why the stones were abandoned at the quarries, it would also explain why the monolith across the road from the Stone of the Pregnant Woman shows deep, squared cuts in one end, as if the Romans acknowledged their inability to move the stone, and therefore decided to cut it down into smaller stones until the monolith was of manageable moving size. (Note, however, that the stone with the rivets cut on one end has also been acknowledged to have imperfections within the stone, so for just as many people asserting that the Romans were cutting it down to a size they could lift, there is an equal number who claim the stone was merely being cut by its original dressers to preserve quality and avoid the evident risk of a crack quickly appearing in a foundation stone.)
Left wanting, however, is any documentation whatsoever by the Romans that they would have used this Thunder Stone method of transportation for the trilithon stones when all other building practices were so well documented during their heyday. The Romans were a proud and brilliant people who left our world with so many records of what they accomplished and, in so many cases, how they accomplished it. Those records have been thoroughly researched and studied for hundreds of years. We cannot attribute this stone-moving method (as well as the other methods mentioned by Adam in his study) to their book of tricks without also asking why they wouldn’t have been intelligent enough to record such an accomplishment at Baalbek. Even more important, as stated earlier in this chapter, there have been discoveries from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic era within the soil along the channels of the Temple of Jupiter that point to this site predating the Romans by centuries.
On the tails of the most prevailing theories of Roman attribution come thoughts perpetuated by archaeologists that the trilithon stones were of Greek origin for use as a retaining wall in soil-erosion circumstances. And whereas, again, we have no record of this, we also have no reason to believe the Greeks—despite their impressive amphitheater ingenuity—would be capable of achieving more than the Romans in relation to moving stones that weigh hundreds and hundreds of tons.
Other ideas have surfaced throughout the preceding decades. Some are both sensational and altogether incredible. For instance, the idea that the Romans would have built a Nile-like river that carried the trilithon stones by boat when there doesn’t seem to be enough solid evidence that a river of that magnitude could have ever existed that close to these structures. On and on the Roman-origin explanations seem to arrive, each one supported by its own list of archaeological professionals, and each one eventually challenged by just as many or more archaeological personalities well respected in the field. Skeptics chastise those who attribute the monoliths to ancient extraterrestrial activity or the giants of Genesis, saying that just because one cannot find origin in human life, he or she will turn all too quickly to the supernatural for explanation. Sometimes these comments are delivered in extreme sarcasm, flowing to the tune of: “We can’t understand how ancient humans could have done it, so it must have been aliens.” Believers in the supernatural chastise the skeptics in turn, questioning their outright denial of the possibility of supernatural activity or ancient humanoid hybrid beings when there remains to be found any other solid, irrefutable explanation as to how ancient humans could have accomplished more than our historical records have ever been able to attribute to them.
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MYSTERIES OF THE BOOK OF ENOCH
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But whatever the theory, the fact remains that the origins of the trilithon and quarry stones at Baalbek remain unknown and have served to baffle researchers and archaeologists for centuries. Without documentation by a race or people as to the materials and methods used, as well as the purpose behind the structures in Baalbek, the answers may always be obscured, and speculation may always result in the posing of even further mystery.
Note, however, that there is one historical document we have yet to visit in this chapter, which seems to give just as likely an explanation as the speculated “ancient humans.” The Bible is respected, even by many nonbelievers of the Christian faith, as a historical document, and one that has proven time and time again to connect the dots where other sources have failed, and this was the source reflected in the 1860 diary of the Scottish diplomat and writer David Urquhart, whose mind was “paralyzed” by “the impossibility of any solution” involving how, why, and by whom the original construction at Baalbek (whose much older ruins were built upon by the Romans, who used it as foundational substructure on which they built the “Temple of Jupiter”). Urquhart’s only conclusion was that the temple had to have been built by those megalithic masterminds of the days of Noah.
There was here, therefore, not one of the elements combined at Memphis, Babylon, Nineveh, or any of the seats of empire, of the ancient or modern world [but] ruins, surpassing in their indications and evidences of greatness anything to be found in those ancient capitals, to an extent which defies all calculation, leaving the imagination itself stranded on a bank of mud.
On the top of this comes a third riddle; how these works were interrupted. They are not merely not concluded, but they are stopped at the very beginning.…
Was it a foreign invasion? Was it an irruption of savages? Was it a “confusion of tongues?” What could it have been?…
My first exclamation, on looking down into the quarry, had been “There were giants in the earth in those days.”…
The builders of Baalbeck must have been a people who had attained to the highest pinnacle of power and science; and this region must have been the centre of their dominion. We are perfectly acquainted with the nations who have flourished here or around, and their works; they are the Assyrians, Chaldeans, Medes, Persians, Egyptians, Canaanites, and Jews. These complete the catalogue of ancient empires, and this work is none of theirs.…
It was only on my way back, and when the tomb of Noah was pointed out to me by the wayside, that it occurred to me that there might be something in Emir Hangar’s story, and that the stones of Baalbeck had to be considered as some of “those sturdy fellows that the Deluge could not sweep away.” This, then, was a remnant of that pride and presumption, which had brought the waters over the face of the earth.[xv]
Could there be something to Urquhart’s train of thought that actually provides more “answer” than it does pose further inquiry?
Russian Megaliths May Provide the Biggest Proof Yet
Lastly, supposing the mysteries of Baalbek were finally cracked, attributing the movement of the trilithon stones and the existence of the quarry stones to human hands, a more recent discovery could potentially erase all of that decryption progress and render it largely irrelevant in comparison to the latest thrill: As mentioned prior, the largest stone in the world confirmed for the purposes of building at the time of this writing currently rests in the quarry of Baalbek, weighing an estimated 1,650 tons. However, last year, stones estimated to weigh an astounding 3,000–4,000 tons have been discovered on Mount Shoria in Siberia. At this present time, the site is such a young find that little is known about these stones, so theories haven’t yet begun to surface. Before this site officially launches all the who and how questions that our world has attempted for centuries to answer about Baalbek, further study on the megaliths of Mount Shoria must rule that the stones were, in fact, dressed by hand, and therefore not a product of natural formation. That said, pictures of the stones can be viewed online, and archaeologists are already buzzing about the proof that the stones are much more than that:
An ancient “super-megalithic” site has been found in the Siberian Mountains. Found recently in Gornaya Shoria (Mount Shoria) in southern Siberia, this site consists of huge blocks of stone, which appear to be granite, with flat surfaces, right angles, and sharp corners. The blocks appear to be stacked, almost in the manner of cyclopean masonry, and well…they’re enormous!
Russia is no stranger to ancient megalithic sites, like Arkaim or Russia’s Stonehenge, and the Manpupuner formation, just to name two, but the site at Shoria is unique in that, if it’s man-made, the blocks used are undoubtedly the largest ever worked by human hands.[xvi] (bold emphasis in original)
Needless to say, Mount Shoria is about to become the source of much news. Should these square, stacked stones prove to be dressed by tools and not by weather conditions (which seems a preposterous thought when viewing the photos of their precise shapes), Baalbek will no longer hold the heavyweight title for the world’s greatest archaeological monolith mystery.
The Axis Mundi Decision
As of the 2008 edition of Rastros do Oculto from which Putnam translated, ex-occultist Daniel Mastral believed that only nine portals remained to be opened.[xvii] He originally believed the opening of the final portals would culminate in 2013, but since he had been out of Satanism for many years by that time, it is hard to know if that timetable, he first disclosed in 2001, is still on track. Even with some delay, it speaks to the lateness of the hour in terms of end-time prophecy. At the time we go to press the only English language article about Mastral’s exposé, offers this explanation:
Satan’s hope is that with the opening of the last portals, powerful demons from lower dimensions will be able to come to earth and eventually, interact with humankind. They will not present themselves as demons, but as benevolent aliens and evolved spirits of light.[xviii]
Of course, that rationale corroborates the hypothesis we offered in Exo-Vaticana. The immortals are coming! If one is unsure of where they stand with God, that’s a chilling proposition given the information covered in On the Path of the Immortals.
In closing this chapter, our confidence comes from Christ alone but everyone reading this will make a decision concerning their personal axis mundi. We believe three items are essential: Jesus Christ is the ultimate cosmic center, He is returning soon, and that you can enjoy being with Him forever in heaven and on the new earth. We believe we have presented a case thus far for the second point within, and the third is based upon a decision concerning the first—YOUR axis mundi decision. The right answer comes by faith alone (Romans 3:28), by sincerely believing that Jesus lived a perfect life, died for your sins and resurrected from the dead (1 Corinthians 15:3-5). It is a free gift from God (Romans 5:15; 6:23), that can only be received by faith, apart from any sacrament, papal indulgence, or earned merit on your part (Ephesians 2:8–9).The “axis mundi decision” is presented to all, “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved” (Romans 10:9).
Only a few more entries remain, and they are the most disturbing. Why? Because the information lays out who the chiefs of the immortals are, and the American and Roman gateways that were built specifically for—and are ready to enable—their return.
UP NEXT: The Most Powerful Stargates in the World? America, the Vatican, and the Portals of Apollo-Osiris (EDITOR NOTE: Starting in June watch for a related 6-week broadcast investigation titled “ZEITGEIST 2025” involving what is coming in just 4 years from now tied to the prophecy on the Great Seal of the United States and layout of Washington DC).
COMING IN JUNE!
[i] “History,” The Baalbeck International Festival Official Website, http://www.baalbeck.org.lb/index.php/en/the-festival/lang-enhistorylanglang-frhistoirelang (last accessed January 19, 2015).
[iii] Paolo Matthiae, Proceedings of the 6th International Congress of the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East (Harrassowitz, 2010), 210. For more information on these historic periods, see: “Pre-Pottery Neolithic B,” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, last modified December 23, 2014, last accessed January 26, 2015, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pre-Pottery_Neolithic_B; “Iron Age,” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopediam last modified January 21, 2015, last accessed January 26, 2015, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_Age.
[iv] Nina Jidejian, Baalbek: Heliopolis, “City of the Sun” (Dar el-Machreq Publishers, 1975) 15.
[v] Tara MacIsaac, “Largest Known Ancient Megalith Discovered—Who Really Made It?” Epoch Times, December 20, 2014, last accessed January 27, 2015, http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/1154047-largest-known-ancient-megalith-block-discovered-who-really-made-it/.
[vi]Erwin M. Ruprechtsberger, VomSteinbruchzumJupitertempel von Heliopolis/Baalbek (Libanon) [From the Quarry to the Jupiter Temple of Heliopolis/Baalbek (Lebanon)] (Linzer ArchäologischeForschungen: 1990) 30: 7–56. Quoted frequently online, and sourced at: “Stone of the Pregnant Woman,” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, last modified January 18, 2015, last accessed January 27, 2015, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_of_the_Pregnant_Woman#CITEREFRuprechtsberger1999.
[vii] James Edward Hanauer, Folk-lore of the Holy Land: Moslem, Christian and Jewish (Duckworth & Company: 1907), 74. Viewable online through Google Books here: http://books.google.com/books?id=r4cTAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA74#v=onepage&q&f=false (last accessed January 27, 2015).
[viii] Paul Doyle, Lebanon (Bradt Travel Guides: 2012), 213. Viewable online through Google Books here: http://books.google.com/books?id=tzsRk0hvb_MC&pg=PA213#v=onepage&q&f=false.
[ix]Ibid., among other sources with the same claim.
[x]J. J. Coulton, “Lifting in Early Greek Architecture,” The Journal of Hellenic Studies, Volume 94 (1994) 16.
[xii]Lynne Lancaster, “Building Trajan’s Column,” American Journal of Archaeology 103 (3)(Archaeological Institute of America: 1999) 419–439.
[xiii] Original article appeared in: Syria 54:1–2 (1977): 31–63.
[xiv] Michael Heiser, “Transporting the Trilithon Stones of Baalbek: It’s About Applied Physics, Not Ancient Aliens,” MichaelSHeiser.com, August 23, 2012, last accessed January 29, 2015, http://michaelsheiser.com/PaleoBabble/2012/08/transporting-trilithon-stones-baalbek-applied-physics-ancient-aliens/.
[xv]David Urquhart, The Lebanon: Mount Souria. A History and a Diary, Volume 2 (Thomas Cautley Newby, London: 1860), 374-377. Viewable online through Google Books here: https://books.google.com/books?id=25oBAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA376&lpg=PA376&dq=The+builders+of+Baalbeck+must+have+been+a+people+who+had+attained+to+the+highest+pinnacle+of+power+and+science&source=bl&ots=WuzoRqCrw8&sig=ILhTUw-l67l4nv9ZmEY8tiusTC4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uSe4VKzdEYSwyQTfyoKwDw&ved=0CCMQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=The%20builders%20of%20Baalbeck%20must%20have%20been%20a%20people%20who%20had%20attained%20to%20the%20highest%20pinnacle%20of%20power%20and%20science&f=false, last accessed January 26, 2015.
[xvi] Michael Snyder, “Newly Found Megalithic Ruins in Russia Contain the Largest Blocks of Stone Ever Discovered,” InfoWars, March 11, 2014, last accessed February 6, 2015, http://www.infowars.com/newly-found-megalithic-ruins-in-russia-contain-the-largest-blocks-of-stone-ever-discovered/.
[xvii] Daniel and Isabela Mastral, Rastros do Oculto Da História À Teologia Do Princípio das TrevasaosSelados de Deus (São Paulo, Brazil: Deyver, 2008), 255. Available in Portuguese: https://www.scribd.com/doc/4555474/Isabela-e-Eduardo-Daniel-Mastral-Rastros-do-Oculto
[xviii] Marcos, “Ex-Satanist Details Illuminati Spiritual Plan,” Henrymakow.com, http://www.henrymakow.com/ex-satanist-details-illuminati-spiritual-plan.html, accessed February 28, 2015.