In Revelation 13 the most astonishing statement is made regarding the animating of an “image” of Antichrist.
And [he] deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live.
And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed (Revelation 13:14-15).
Scholars over the past two thousand years have speculated as to what this curious text implies and in what way an animated object could be brought to “life.” Only now does technology exist that is undeniably changing every aspect of human existence and evolving into something indistinguishable from this type of occult magic. Our lives have become so entrenched in technology that most of us are constantly connected to some form of it at all times—computers, iPads, smart phones, Alexa, Siri, security surveillance, and medical devices like pacemakers—and they work around the clock. There is rarely a moment when we are completely disconnected from technology—an idea that would have been absurd only a decade ago.
With this rapid development of transformative technology comes the question of safety. Are some of these emergent technologies demonically inspired, actively leading us down a dark and hellish path towards a dystopian future, as described in the ancient biblical prophetic narrative?
The book of Revelation describes “the beast” and his prophet in great detail, proclaiming that all humans will worship this beast, for his prophet will “perform great signs and deceive the inhabitants of the earth and even order them to set up an image in honor of the beast who was wounded by the sword, yet lived” (Revelation 13:13–14). Widespread acceptance of the beast seems to be largely due to the miracles he will perform, even simulating a resurrection from the dead, revealing his deceptive immortality.
The question is; will this image of the beast foreseen in the book of Revelation become realized through the emerging transformative technologies of transhumanism, artificial intelligence, the coming “Singularity,” and the speculative theories of the hive mind?
Twenty years ago, the idea that one day in the near future, your telephone would navigate you anywhere in the world, scan your thumbprint, allow you to talk to someone face to face anywhere on the planet, handle banking, and provide a “social” life would have been considered science fiction. Society has come a long way in regards to technological innovation in an alarmingly short time. But how fast is too fast? Are we rushing into a technological “relationship” without doing a thorough background check on our rapidly evolving and highly seductive companion? Once humanity delves into this relationship, it can’t just break up and abandon the conveniences it’s now become completely dependent upon.
The innovations in science, agriculture, medicine, and business certainly make life easier and more convenient for the average person. Many of these advancements are seriously improving the quality of life for the disabled, such as an amputee whose arm is now a fully functioning robotic replacement, or a paraplegic who is given the gift of independence with a self-driving car, wheelchair, or even a robotic exoskeleton. Let’s not forget about the personalities we’ve named “Siri” and “Alexa.” These two artificial intelligence (AI) companions accurately suggest music their algorithms predict we will like, answer all our questions, tell us jokes or the weather, and can even buy groceries. In return, they record our conversations and file them away in an online database of information collected about us for an indefinite length of time, while aggregating the nuanced shopping habits and curiosities of every one of their users.
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AI is the science and engineering of making “intelligent” machines by simulating cognitive function. It’s related to the similar task of using computers to understand human intelligence.[i] Basically, it consists of computers that can make decisions and predictions without the confined interfacing of human programmers. Artificial intelligence has the ability to learn on its own!
AI really became widespread when Google started using an AI neural network as a tool to filter spam out of our email inboxes,[ii] which today accounts for 59.56 percent of email traffic worldwide,[iii] but it has since vastly evolved beyond that task.
There is no doubt of the beneficial aspects of AI, but it’s the dependency we as a society are forming that very possibly make it dangerous in the near future. At what point do we draw the line and say, “It’s okay for Siri to tell me where the closest Chinese restaurant is, but it’s not okay to record the fact that I like Chinese food and sell that information to companies for advertisement purposes,” allowing the subtle and invisible influence of persuasion over us?
In his book, The Age of Spiritual Machines, world-renowned transhumanist Ray Kurzweil famously suggests:
Once life takes hold on a planet, we can consider the emergence of technology as inevitable. The ability to expand the reach of one’s physical capabilities, not to mention mental technology is clearly useful for survival.[iv]
It might be an inevitable future, but according to the concept of “machine learning,” it could also be leading us to the destruction of the earth and the near destruction of mankind, as predicted in the Bible. “Machine learning,” coined by esteemed computer scientist Arthur Samuel in 1959, is an aspect of computer science in which computers (or machines) “have the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed.”[v]
Tech giant Amazon recently became a leader in machine learning with its user-friendly new program “Amazon ML.” The website boasts that “Amazon ML reads your input data, computes descriptive statistics on its attributes, and stores the statistics—along with a schema and other information… Next, Amazon ML uses the datasource to train and evaluate an ML model and generate batch predictions.”[vi] Amazon is basically using algorithms to detect patterns within the data it collects, then uses that information to predict whether individual customers will buy certain products.
Using machine learning for growth and development is a great modern business tool, but there’s also a dark side to machine learning that could open demonic doorways, such as the case with Luka, a San Francisco-based software company.
Luka has been using machine-learning technologies to develop some questionable chatbots. (A chatbot is computer software that simulates conversations, like Siri or Alexa.) Luka recently took chatbots to the next level when cofounder Eugenia Kuyda digitally “brought back” her proclaimed soulmate from the dead by using machine-learning software to analyze the deceased person’s voice, text messages, and social media conversations in an effort to replicate their likeness.[vii] Trying to reproduce the dead is teetering on the edge of necromancy, which God commands against:
There shall not be found among you anyone who…practices witchcraft, or a soothsayer, or one who interprets omens, or a sorcerer, or one who conjures spells, or a medium, or a spiritist, or one who calls up the dead. For all who do these things are an abomination to the Lord. (Deuteronomy 18:10–12)
The Bible warns mankind not to dabble with the dead, yet tech companies like Luka are foolishly trying to open those doors one chatbot at a time. This illustrates the terrifying potential that lies in the hands of these innovations (and their creators) by not only opening the doorways to the dead, but by creating an avenue for them to impersonate anyone on the planet.
There will be a moment in the near future when the student surpasses the teacher—the student being machines and the teacher being humans. The student was never meant to surpass the teacher, but rather to be like the teacher. Luke 6:40 says, “As the disciple is not above his teacher: but every one when he is perfected shall be as his teacher.” So what happens when we are surpassed by those creations we “taught” or programmed?
Does the physical form of this artificial intelligence make a difference in whether we accept it in mainstream society? For instance, does the form of an independently intelligent disk-drive scare you? How about an independently intelligent robot that can make decisions for itself, decisions that could affect or even harm you if it pleases, like Skynet, the maniacal robot network from the classic film The Terminator?
Chances are you’re more intimidated by the robot, but might not notice the disk-drive from the underground server that is powering the iCloud. This illustrates how easy it may be to influence our acceptance of these artificial intelligences through the physical forms they take on. It’s deception through appearance.
Considering that the physical form would solely be a shell containing the machine’s mind, so to speak, its only purpose would be to relate to us and perform certain tasks that its “mind” alone couldn’t carry out. The idea that this digital mind is a separate entity than the machine or body that contains it isn’t a new idea, but a concept that has been discussed by scholars and futurists for centuries.
The term known as “the ghost in the machine” was introduced by Gilbert Ryle in his 1949 critique of René Descartes, a champion of dualism.[viii] The idea of dualism is that the human mind is immaterial, existing and working separately from the human brain. As a response to the topic of dualism, renowned philosopher Dave Hunt once said, “I’m not just a lump of protein molecules wired with nerves.… There’s a ghost in the machine. We’re not just stimulus response mechanisms.”[ix]
The thought that technology could become aware, or have this “ghost in the machine” becoming more than just machine, leads us to the concept famously known as the “Singularity.” Coined by futurist, transhumanist, and Google engineer Ray Kurzweil, the Singularity is, as he describes:
…a future period during which the pace of technological change will be so rapid, its impact so deep, that human life will be irreversibly transformed… this epoch will transform the concepts that we rely on to give meaning to our lives, form the business models to the cycle of human life, including death itself.[x]
So, this concept of “ghost in the machine” illustrates how machines could possibly one day think for themselves, while the Singularity describes a future inevitability of the merging of man and machine.
Futurist and technology innovator Elon Musk warns against this coming merger, stating, “with artificial intelligence, we are summoning the demon.”[xi] Part of the reason behind Musk’s most recent venture into space with his creation, SpaceX, is to try to secure a safety net for when artificial intelligence turns on mankind.[xii] Having one of the most innovative men in history vehemently warn against AI should be enough to stop it in its tracks, but other tech billionaires disagree. Musk warns that people like Google’s CEO, Larry Page, might very well have noble intentions when crafting these technological advancements, but that they might still “produce something evil by accident…a fleet of artificial intelligence-enhanced robots capable of destroying mankind.”[xiii]
Physicist Stephen Hawking also once warned:
Unless we learn how to prepare for, and avoid, the potential risks, AI could be the worst event in the history of our civilization. It brings dangers, like powerful autonomous weapons, or new ways for the few to oppress the many.[xiv]
Transhumanists generally welcome the possibility of human beings evolving into an enhanced form of humanoid hybrid, but are constantly debating the irreversible ramifications, such as shifts in global power, unparalleled “smart” weapons, and the threat of the total annihilation of mankind and the planet as a whole.
Humans are on the path to becoming hosts for this artificial intelligence-turned-spiritual-creature without fully understanding the irrevocable repercussions of those actions.
Chuck Missler points out:
Scientists are actually connecting their neural network to machinery.… These are people that are incredibly skilled in their technologies, but have absolutely zero understanding of demonology, the realization that opening up a communication channel can be a two way channel and that can create what we call in demonology an entry.[xv]
We are treading murky waters here and potentially putting mankind in spiritual and physical danger. Scientists will never be able to guarantee the predictability of smart machines or their ability to be obedient and act only in the best interest of humanity. There will always be the danger of becoming a tool, or avatar, for these technological entities.
Father of AI, chief scientist and cofounder of the AI company NNAISENSE, and the director of the Swiss artificial intelligence lab IDSIA, Jürgen Schmidhuber, says “the Singularity is coming in the next 30 years and will have affordable devices to connect to the brain. A device that can compute all human life at once.”[xvi] Many transhumanists predict that the Singularity is coming, like a riptide that is so incredibly powerful that humanity will be unable to resist it.[xvii]
Once the Singularity has happened and we’re all connected to this device, Schmidhuber claims it “can compute all human life at once,”[xviii] and we will then be ready embrace the concept known by some scholars as the “hive mind.”
The principle behind the hive-mind concept is a collective consciousness, or as the late Jesuit priest and philosopher Pierre Teilhard de Chardin famously predicted, “the manifestation of a kind of super-brain, capable of attaining mastery over some super-sphere [noosphere] in the universe.”[xix] He saw the merging of mankind and technology as a “necessary first step in the collective evolution of the universe.”[xx] This thought implies the necessity and favorability of a collective consciousness, hive mind, or noosphere rather than a mere possibility to be explored by the technological and scientific communities.
Through the hive mind, “the whole of mankind would be completely connected to everyone else telepathically, and we could all share our thoughts, memories, and even dreams with one another.”[xxi] Imagine a world where your thoughts are involuntarily shared with the whole of humanity. Say goodbye to personal privacy and even to your freedom of thought.
Currently, through the use of social media, we’re prompted to volunteer information about ourselves such as personal beliefs, religious affiliations, sexual preference, and political identification. This hoarding of personal information is then indexed and stored in a virtual database that can be used to “predict” advertisements using powerful algorithms.
By searching the account settings in Facebook, one will discover that he or she has already been labeled as “conservative,” “super conservative,” “liberal,” or “super liberal.” The ads displayed on Facebook aren’t random, but are suggestions based on computer algorithms that an artificial intelligence deems attractive on an individual basis. Best-selling author Frank Peretti says:
My biggest concern is with the steady encroachment of technology that feeds on the credulity of people that can make them accept and believe things that aren’t true, that can make them so amenable to being probed, to being known about, to being followed and tracked that you get use to these things.[xxii]
This handling of data is already underway on a massive scale and will continue to be used to make collective decisions, such as voting on various policies and leaders. It has already been blamed for the sway in the most recent US presidential election regarding data collected by British political consulting firm, Cambridge Analytica.[xxiii]
Facebook’s facial recognition is another one of its AI software that is collecting and storing data on its two billion active users. The most alarming part of this software is its ability to recognize and “tag” a person based on any photo anywhere in the world. This powerful AI software could even be used as a mechanism to track human beings to all corners of the earth at all times.
Considering there are nearly thirty million surveillance cameras in America alone,[xxiv] this idea doesn’t seem too far-fetched, but does grossly infringe on our freedom and privacy. English philosopher Jeremy Bentham predicted this scenario in the late eighteenth century. He called this “panopticon” a system that would allow guards to monitor prisoners twenty-four hours a day, without them knowing they were being watched, creating “the sentiment of an invisible omniscience.”[xxv]
Despite these terrifying new possibilities of mass-scaled surveillance and the potential of a collective consciousness, transhumanists continue to support these methods that they claim “would encourage groups to combine their individual knowledge, opinions, and interests in support of the common good, avoiding entrenchment and stagnation.”[xxvi] But it could also mean an end to personal thoughts, dreams, and mental privacy as we know it, such as depicted in George Orwell’s classic dystopian book 1984, in which people are controlled by the “thought police” and punished for “thoughtcrimes” committed against the powers that be.[xxvii]
The ramifications of the hive mind (or collective consciousness) on society and on the planet could be devastating not only to freedom of thought, but to mankind as a whole. What happens when a virus is introduced to the hive mind and the entirety of mankind becomes infected or wiped out altogether?
Essentially, this level of corruption could alter our memories, minds, and ability to make decisions based on our own free will. A virus of that caliber could rewrite or reprogram how we think, such as redrafting our memories or even turning us into human robots of sorts, paving the way for a satanic power to take control and lead us down the path to the end times. Chuck Missler said, “There is a super dictator coming, the Bible has warned us about that and he’ll be accompanied with a delusion that is gonna be perpetrated on the human race.”[xxviii]
This begs the question of who will be running this super mind? Ultimately, it could be a satanic force using this technology to control mankind. What would stop a demonic entity from possessing a smartphone or some other futuristic technological device?
There is speculation that the creatures described in Revelation emerging from the bottomless pit could actually come through a sort of portal through a cyber/spiritual bridge and manifest into the physical realm here on earth using advanced forms of technology. Imagine being able to conjure up a demon through the Internet, like a digital Quija board or “the Satan app.” There is a lot of speculation about what could go wrong, but the only thing for certain is that the Bible warns us strange days are coming. The great deception is truly becoming realized with each passing day.
The Bible warns us “these kings of the earth have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast” (Revelation 17:13). Is this a warning of the beast’s use of the hive mind on the rulers of the world, which John described as “one mind” to reach and control all of mankind as they “give their power and strength unto the beast?” It would be difficult for John to describe the sort of technology on the horizon of today’s innovation when writing Revelation more than two thousand years ago. Still, he seems to capture the essence of the hive mind clearly in that one simple statement.
Transhumanist Hugo de Garis, an Australian researcher and professor known for his work in AI, claims his research would enable the creation of “artificial brains” that would quickly surpass human levels of intelligence.[xxix] Even after spending his career working towards those technological goals, De Garis outlines some shocking predictions about these advances. In his book Artilect, De Garis claims, “A major war before the end of the 21st century, resulting in billions of deaths, is almost inevitable.”[xxx] This would basically be a war between man and machine. We saw how well that went in the Terminator films.
There could be a point when the hive mind is in effect, artificial intelligence is prevalent, and the Singularity has been reached, a time when man has become a slave to spiritual machines, hopelessly dependent on technology, and completely deceived by the promises that these technologies will improve the entire species, making humans immortal and godlike, much like the first lie promised by Satan in the Garden of Eden.
Many within the transhumanist movement believe the Singularity will inevitably result in postbiological humans. This synthetic hybrid will have the ability to trade in human bodies or even download their genetic makeup and minds into a computer system or server.[xxxi] This gives Apple’s iCloud an eerie new meaning. (Apple probably already knew this was in the near future when they created it.)
Kurzweil predicts and is actively working towards a day when we will be able to bring back the dead, much like the idea behind tech company Luka’s chatbot derived from online data about the person they wished to reconnect with. By giving an artificial intelligence as much information as possible about a person through videos, photographs, and possibly even DNA, it will be able to create a replica of that person that is indistinguishable from the original.[xxxii] This leaves an open playing field for Satan to deceive us, possibly by using demonic possession of these avatars created out of the memories of our deceased loved ones. There is even a new “transreligion” called Terasem that is based on this very principle. The company allows its members to create a “mindfile” of information that can later be uploaded into a robot long after they die. The company’s motto is “life is purposeful, death is optional, God is technological and love is essential.”[xxxiii]
Many other technologists today are also actively seeking a hybrid life without death that replicates the omnipotence, omniscience, and immortality of God, uninhibited by the physical constraints mankind once endured. Satan first made this promise in the Garden of Eden and is circling around humanity and making this claim once again: “For God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will be open and you will be like God, knowing good and evil” (Genesis 3:5, NIV).
The idea that man can become immortal and godlike through transhumanism seems like the greatest deception imaginable upon the human race. As discussed in the film The Last Religion, once we alter ourselves according to that lie, will we then become beasts ourselves, Nephilim, perhaps even unredeemable in the eyes of God.[xxxiv]
The transhumanist agenda, coupled with massive technological advancements, could lead us right into the belly of the beast, the Antichrist system, and completely out of God’s grace. Will the hive mind trap our consciousness into a cyber world indefinitely? Will the Singularity bring us to a point of no return in which humans are no longer able to die? Could this merging of man and machine bring about the prophecy made in Revelation 9:6 that says, “In those days shall men seek death and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them”?
There is strong speculation that hitting these points of no return and altering our human genetics will be a breaking point and the beginning of what Jesus calls the Great Tribulation: “The Man of Sin will position himself in the temple of God, claiming that he is God” (2 Thessalonians 2:3–4). At what point does man realize that perhaps these seemingly incredible technologies and transhumanist capabilities are not a gift from God, but simply the great deception Satan tempts us with while promising no more pain, suffering, or death?
Futurist Arthur C. Clarke famously said, “A sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.”[xxxv] Right now it seems like those advanced technologies could very well be the magic of Satan and technological image of the beast that we’re so strongly warned about in the last days.
The current and future technologies on the horizon will undoubtedly transform both humanity and the world of nature from a biological standpoint, as well as how biblical prophecy lays out an end-times scenario of global control and deception. There is firm reason to believe that artificial intelligence will pave the way for a leader and False Messiah to emerge and lead all of mankind to the ultimate battle against the True Messiah, Jesus Christ, famously labeled the Battle of Armageddon.
[i] Professor John McCarthy, “The Father of Ai. What is AI?” http://jmc.stanford.edu/artificial-in- telligence/what-is-ai/index.html http://jmc.stanford.edu/artificial-intelligence/what-is-ai/in- dex.html (accessed: 17 April 2018).
(accessed: 23 April 2018).
[iv] Ray Kurzweil, The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence, (New York: Penguin Books, 1998), https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/books/first/ k/kurzweil-machines.html (accessed: 22 April 2018).
[v] Arthur Samuel: quoted in Calum McCleeland, “The Diﬀerence Between Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning”, Medium, 4 December 2017. https://medium.com/iot- forall/the-diﬀerence-between-artificial-intelligence-machine-learning-and-deep- learning-3aa67bﬀ5991 (accessed: 22 April 2018).
[vi] Machine Learning Concepts. Amazon. https://docs.aws.amazon.com/machine-learning/lat- est/dg/machine-learning-concepts.html
[vii] Ben Dickson, “The Darker Side of Machine Learning,” Tech Crunch. 26 October 2016. https:// techcrunch.com/2016/10/26/the-darker-side-of-machine-learning/ (accessed: 22 April 2018).
[ix] Dave Hunt. Interview in The Last Religion, Jeremiah Films, 2018.
[x] Ray Kurzweil. The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology, (New York: Viking, 2005).
[xi] Elon Musk, quoted in Maureen Dowd, “ELON MUSK’S BILLION-DOLLAR CRUSADE TO STOP THE A.I. APOCALYPSE”, Vanity Fair, 26 March 2017. https://www.vanityfair.com/news/ 2017/03/elon-musk-billion-dollar-crusade-to-stop-ai-space-x (accessed: 21 April 2018).
[xii] Elon Musk, quoted in Maureen Dowd, “ELON MUSK’S BILLION-DOLLAR CRUSADE TO STOP THE A.I. APOCALYPSE”, Vanity Fair, 26 March 2017. https://www.vanityfair.com/news/ 2017/03/elon-musk-billion-dollar-crusade-to-stop-ai-space-x (accessed: 21 April 2018).
[xiii] Elon Musk, quoted in Maureen Dowd, “ELON MUSK’S BILLION-DOLLAR CRUSADE TO STOP THE A.I. APOCALYPSE”, Vanity Fair, 26 March 2017. https://www.vanityfair.com/news/ 2017/03/elon-musk-billion- dollar-crusade-to-stop-ai-space-x (accessed: 21 April 2018).
[xiv] Stephen Hawkins. “Hundreds of A.I. experts echo Elon Musk, Stephen Hawking in call for a ban on killer robots”, CNBC, 8 November 2017. https://www.cnbc.com/2017/11/08/ai-experts- join-elon-musk-stephen-hawking-call-for-killer-robot-ban.html (accessed: 23 April 2018).
[xv] Chuck Missler, Inteview in The Last Religion, Jeremiah Films, 2018.
[xvi] Jolene Creighton. “The “Father of Artificial Intelligence” Says Singularity Is 30 Years Away”,
Futurism, 2018 February 14, https://futurism.com/father-artificial-intelligence-singularity-
decades-away/ (accessed: 18 April 2018).
[xvii] Paul Maguire, Interview in The Last Religion, Jeremiah Films, 2018.
[xviii]Jolene Creighton. “The “Father of Artificial Intelligence” Says Singularity Is 30 Years Away”,
Futurism, 2018 February 14, https://futurism.com/father-artificial-intelligence-singularity-
decades-away/ (accessed: 18 April 2018).
[xix] Aaron Franz, “The Coming Hive Mind: The Jesuit Priest Who Influenced Transhumanism”, Truth Stream Media, 1 May 2009, http://truthstreammedia.com/2016/01/26/the-coming-hive- mind-manmachine-merger-and-the-global-transhuman-society/ (accessed: 18 April 2018).
[xx] Aaron Franz, “The Coming Hive Mind: The Jesuit Priest Who Influenced Transhumanism”, Truth Stream Media, 1 May 2009, http://truthstreammedia.com/2016/01/26/the-coming-hive- mind-manmachine-merger-and-the-global-transhuman-society/ (accessed: 18 April 2018).
[xxi] Jolene Creighton. “The “Father of Artificial Intelligence” Says Singularity Is 30 Years Away”,
Futurism, 2018 February 14, https://futurism.com/father-artificial-intelligence-singularity-
decades-away/ (accessed: 18 April 2018).
[xxii] Frank Peretti, Interview in The Last Religion, Jeremiah Films, 2018.
[xxiii] Rozina Sabur, “Cambridge Analytica accused of breaking US election law”, The Telegraph,26 March 2018, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/03/26/cambridge-analytica-accused-
breaking-us-election-law/ (accessed: 22 April 2018).
[xxiv] James Vlahos. “Surveillance Society: New High-Tech Cameras Are Watching You.” Popular Mechanics, 30 September 2009, https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/a2398/4236865/
(accessed: 24 April 2018).
[xxv] James Vlahos. “Surveillance Society: New High-Tech Cameras Are Watching You.” Popular Mechanics, 30 September 2009, https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/a2398/4236865/
(accessed: 24 April 2018).
[xxvi]Louis Rosenberg. “Super-Intelligence and the virtues of a Hive Mind,” Singularity Weblog, 10 February 2016, https://www.singularityweblog.com/super-intelligence-and-hive-mind/ (accessed 18 April 2018).
[xxvii] George Orwell, 1984, (London: Secker and Warburg), 1949. Print.
[xxviii] Chuck Missler, Interview in The Last Religion, Jeremiah Films, 2018.
[xxix] 29 Hugo de Garis (1996). “CAM-BRAIN: The Evolutionary Engineering of a Billion Neuron Artifi- cial Brain by 2001 Which Grows Evolves at Electronic Speeds Inside a Cellular Automata Ma- chine (CAM)”, Towards Evolvable Hardware; the Evolutionary Engineering Approach: 76–98.
[xxx] 30 Hugo de Garis (2005). The Artilect War: Cosmists Vs. Terrans: A Bitter Controversy Concern- ing Whether Humanity Should Build Godlike Massively Intelligent Machines. Palm Springs, CA: ETC Publications.
[xxxi] Britt Gillette. “Transhumanism and the Great Rebellion”, End Times Bible Prophecy, http:// www.end-times-bible-prophecy.com/transhumanism-and-the-great-rebellion.html (accessed: 19 April 2018).31
[xxxiii] Jessica Roy, “The Rapture of the Nerds,” 7 April 2014 , Time, https://time.com/66536/terasem-trascendence-religion-technology/
[xxxiv] Tom Horn, Interview in The Last Religion, Jeremiah Films, 2018
[xxxv] R.U. Sirius and Jay Cornell, Transcendance, The Disinformation Encyclopedia of Transhumanism and Singularity (San Francisco: Disinformation Books,2015), 214.