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Scientists widely attribute the extinction of dinosaurs to a comet or asteroid called Chicxulub that crashed to Earth about sixty-six million years ago (at or near the end of the Cretaceous Period; most dinosaur fossils died in the strata layers of this time), just off the northern coast of what is now Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula. The Harvard Gazette reports that this colliding space body left a crater “that spans 93 miles and goes 12 miles deep.”[i] But dinosaurs weren’t the only casualties. When we think of the day the dinos died, images of a roaring T-Rex or leaf-eating “long-necks” come to mind, but that’s not the whole picture. This mass extinction event also brought an end to “almost three-quarters of the plant and animal species then living on Earth.”[ii] From what we just learned about Lucifer being a representative of both land and sea serpentine animals, it shouldn’t surprise us to learn that among those that died off were…

…a great number of large marine reptiles!

Think about that for just a moment. The most prevalent scientific explanation for why these larger creatures didn’t survive impact was that the asteroid wiped out almost everything over a certain weight. (Estimates of this weight range from more than fifty pounds to more than a hundred pounds; however, it’s all conjecture based on decent supporting evidence.) That very well may be true, but if it must apply to both water and land, then it demands an answer for why certain large marine animals were allowed to survive (whales, giant sharks, etc.). I don’t have a problem admitting that every single living thing at and around the site of impact was obliterated, and that all of life even on the other side of Earth would have been affected in some devastating way, leading to far more than just the extinction of large marine reptiles. Nothing about that is surprising. But why, of all life forms that went extinct at the time of the Chicxulub, and amidst all other marine animals that survived, do reptiles appear to be the species in the animal kingdom that took the biggest hit?

The evidence just keeps stacking up…

But the takeaway from the asteroid/comet Chicxulub is its ties to Lucifer/Satan. Chicxulub is a Mayan term meaning “the devil’s tail.” (I am aware the crater was named after a local community of the same name, not for a particular religious connotation. Still, I find the link astounding, poetic, and even ironic, as it connects to my theory. It’s perhaps one of those moments when a finite, human mind assigned a name to something God had named before the beginning of time.)

Lucifer was a “morning star” described as a “shining one,” and in the New Testament, Jesus, Himself, says in Luke 10:18: “I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.” By the time of Christ, the Chicxulub asteroid was distant history.

Can you imagine a scene in Heaven wherein God, fed up with Lucifer’s pride, hurls the fallen serpent-cherub like a bolt of lightning to Earth, as Jesus “beheld”?

Reader’s Digest journalist Meghan Jones reminds her readers of what Earth would have looked like just after the dinosaur-extinction event: “Dust and debris would have blocked out the sun, hurting life-giving processes like photosynthesis. The Earth’s temperature also would have surged dangerously because of all of the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. [This is] backed up by significant scientific discoveries.”[iii] The impact of Chicxulub expelled what many scientists believe to be upwards of hundreds of billions of tons of sulfur into Earth’s atmosphere. This, in turn, rendered a global blackout lasting years, blocking light from our planet’s surface and creating freezing temperatures, though “there is also evidence of substantial fires from that point in history.”[iv]

Fire is not a big leap from Luciferian terminology in the Word, but sulfur—translated “brimstone” in many translations—is also associated with Lucifer/Satan and events of God’s wrath (Revelation 9:13–19; 14:9–11; 21:8; Genesis 19:24–25; Deuteronomy 29:23; Psalm 11:5–6; Isaiah 30:31–33; Ezekiel 38:21–23; and many others). In fact, God’s wrath frequently appears in Scripture as “sulfur” (or “brimstone”) falling from the sky, as seen in Luke 17:28–29 (as well as several verses just referenced): “Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded; But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone [sulfur] from heaven, and destroyed them all.” In Isaiah 30:33, the “breath” of the Lord (the Holy Spirit) is “like a torrent of brimstone.” And God not only supplies and creates light, He is light (1 John 1:5; many others), so the darkness over Earth’s surface in Genesis 1:2 might mean more than just the absence of illumination; it might mean a certain level of restriction of God’s presence from the planet of sin as well.

We know from this same verse that the Holy Spirit was “hovering” over the “deep.” Thus, we can be sure that, at the very least, God was guarding Earth in some regard, perhaps against the spread of evil. Many theories related to the Chaos legends propose that this “deep” may have been a personified, cosmic “waters of chaos” idea relating to a number of ancient aquatic monsters. In other words, it might have been Tiamat or some other sea monster of Sumerian, Akkadian, or Babylonian derivation. If there is any truth to that—and I think there might be—then all of these tales again trek back to the first and original story of our own cherub-sea-monster, Chaos-Leviathan, an enemy of Yahweh and one of the known formations of Lucifer. In turn, however, if God was “hovering” to keep something imprisoned on Earth so it could not travel outward (for another insurrection?), then, again, God’s presence was here, but more in capacity to safeguarding (as opposed to God’s Spirit joyfully fluttering over waters from which the first Earth was about to be formed).

Whatever the state of Earth the day Lucifer fell, it appears clear that the absence of light, freezing temperatures with intermittent fires, sulfur all around, and a possible Chaos-Leviathan trapped in the “deep” all fit the “without form, and void” status as it has been herein determined. It’s not a stretch that an event involving God’s judgment against Lucifer and the fallen ones would be the largest sulfur expulsion in the history of Earth—on the same day the dinosaurs died, light was temporarily removed, and something treacherous slithered in the murky depths of the oceans, still alive in serpentine form…until it could emerge again in the Garden of Eden.

Then, humanity would be made for the first time in the image of God.

Does that perhaps point to a new understanding of the image of Him we mirror? If all of these pre-Adamic beings or fallen angels whose remains and fossils we’ve discovered were so easily influenced by Lucifer, maybe—just maybe—the image of God instilled within us isn’t just creativity, a moral attribute, or an intelligence, but an intrinsic moral intelligence: an innate and Holy-Spirit-guided gut feeling about what is right or wrong that the beings of the distant past didn’t have. If so, that would explain why humans, unlike whatever the pre-Adamic ancients were, had at least one man among us (Noah) who recognized the evil for what it was and maintained his righteous standing in the midst of the Genesis-6:4-Nephilim-and-“void”-era chaos. It’s just a theory, but it also explains why pre-Adamic discoveries look very human, but Adamites are special.

That brings us back to Genesis 1:3: the re-Creation, restoration, restitution, and redemption of Earth.

Our home.

CONCLUSION: The “War” I’ve Started: It Is Worth It in the End!

“You’re going to start a war,” the theologian said. “If you write this book you’re planning, you will start a war. What you are saying—your approach to cosmology in light of all parties currently involved in the debate—is not one the world is ready to hear. And it doesn’t matter what your reasons are. As driven as you are to reach the lost through this message, if you write what you’re planning to write, you are literally begging for an unfathomably deep pool of argumentative agitators to surface from out of the woodwork on all sides and argue with you. Are you prepared to respond to all of them?”

This series began with these words, and it will end by addressing the same words from a perspective some readers may not have seen coming.

The question of whether I—or Tom Horn, or both of us, or any other scholar who makes the same conclusions we have in the new book Before Genesis—want to “start a war” relies on identifying what that actually infers. If the goal is to “win” and then “rub elbows” with those who agree with my theory, while treating with intellectual snobbery and condescension those who don’t, then no.

Let me say it again: Big. Fat. No.

I don’t have time to spend even a moment engaging in certain kinds of banter that have become intrinsic in the dissension within today’s Body of Christ. But the truth is a war has already begun, and it has been going on since before the beginning of time. It is this war between God and Lucifer that led to the very Fall of humanity and ushered in this temporary confusion of cosmological details. As I said at the beginning of this series, there is “truth” from the eyes of man—flawed, finite, imperfect, and rightly called “theory”—and the truth of the universe as it really is, which we are still trying to parse out with our limited observation. As a follower of Messiah, I chose long ago to participate in a war for the lost: to become the apologist God wants me to be, and to represent “true truth” as much as I can in my fallen form. At this juncture in my life, I felt led to tackle the subjects Before Genesis covers in that interest. Could I have made a mistake somewhere in this new book? Despite my grandest efforts not to, yes. That’s always a possibility, because, like all other people on Earth, I’m a post-Adam’s-Fall being, sharing the humanity the Fall event weakened.

Of course, there’s no pressure to agree with any of the material Before Genesis or the background series behind it presents. And, if this explanation of Lucifer’s role in cosmology has inspired someone to dig into the Word of God—whether their motive is to argue or to study all these topics for themselves and carry what they learn into our dying world—the biblical information they put into their gray matter as a result can only be edifying, always (2 Timothy 3:16–17). If even one reader grows closer to the Savior after learning the Bible does allow for Earth to be ancient—if just one reader comes to know that the God of the Bible is relevant in a scientific world and that He is, in fact, the Master Scientist to whom all the universe belongs—then I have accomplished what I set out to do. I wrote this series and the new book to reach two types of people: 1) the lost, who believe being a Christian means you can’t also appreciate, follow, believe in, or give ear to scientific theory, fact, or discovery—or that, if you do, you can only accept parts of the Bible but discard the others involving Earth’s origin; and 2) the saved, those who struggle with reconciling their faith in God and their belief in science.

Every follower of Christ is an enduring soldier of a war. The Bible says: “Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier” (2 Timothy 2:3–4). In other words, the “affairs of this life” are not the basis of any war we should ever want to engage in. Whatever war we decide to enlist for, we must keep in mind pleasing the One who chose us as His soldiers in the first place. And, if that is kept at the forefront of our actions, decisions, and work, then we’re doing what has been asked of us by the Father, even while “enduring hardness”—which can sometimes come in the form of opposition from others who don’t agree with our work (as the Gospel is simply becoming less popular with the world).

In the recently released film, Jesus Revolution, Pastor Chuck Smith (portrayed by Frasier star Kelsey Grammer) is initially offended by the actions and appearances of young teens belonging to the counterculture movement in the era of the Jesus People Movement, despite their focus upon the same Jesus Smith teaches about every Sunday. Though his character is based on a real person, his attitude at the beginning of the film is representative of many real-life ministers of that era. When we think back, we can almost hear their disdain reverberating through time: “Get a job—and a haircut—ya bum hippie!”

Not long into the film, Smith’s daughter brings home a ragged straggler she met on the roadside by the name of Lonnie Frisbee (also a historical figure of that day). After a conversation at their dining room table that challenges Smith’s rote, ritualistic, and frankly dead religion (reflected in his church’s abysmal attendance), an unlikely friendship between Smith and Frisbee brings a revival to his church…along with a huge congregation of barefoot, long-haired, bell-bottoms-wearing teens. Smith, now open-minded to ministering to these beautiful and sincere people, is challenged by his church’s leadership, who make it clear these new guests are unwelcome. One goes as far as to mention that the rush of bare feet each Sunday is staining the carpet of the sanctuary. Smith, bearing a soul-searching expression, eventually replies sarcastically that, yeah, it’s a good idea in light of the kids’ souls to worry about saving the carpet. Unfazed, the church leader confirms that the hippies are making the former congregation uncomfortable, and then he exits.

I nearly cried when I saw the next scene. Smith responded to a “Christian” church member’s remarks about the incoming barrage of hippies with one of the most Christlike examples of behavior I’ve seen, and he did it without engaging in any “war” between himself and his co-ministers: He set up a foot-washing bowl at the entrance to the church, and every barefoot hippie who came to the service was treated to a personal foot bath by Smith—an act of service that made the unshod congregants feel loved and the religious-spirited congregants desist in expressing their concerns about a clean floor. Smith never made it about arguing with the leadership. He never made it about the carpet, which could have humiliated the new attendees. He made the whole squabble go away by practicing the Savior’s example:

Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world.… He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself. After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded. (John 13:1, 4–5)

Over and over again, when Smith was threatened with the possibility of being ostracized from his church and flock, he continued to embrace “weird” for the sake of the lost while the stuffy, nose-up leaders around him wouldn’t hear of it. In this way, he participated in “war,” but it was that which is invisible…and he won.

The rest of the film is a record of this man’s ministry which, alongside Frisbee, launched an incredible (and otherwise unlikely) spiritual awakening. There’s a lot to learn from this.

When we see the messages in these types of movies, we cheer. But then, on Monday morning, do we go back to our judgmental, unwelcoming, elitist, and discriminatory interactions with those who are different from us? Do we participate in war with humans or the war of the invisible? If the “human war,” we lose no matter what we win in the interim, because souls are hurt.

Recall that, in the first entry of this series, I expressed that “we aren’t required to believe the testimony of the Bible, but that doesn’t mean we are free from having to put our faith in something unseen and unprovable.” I went on to say: “Though the Bible cannot be irrefutably proven via empirical data or the scientific method, when it comes to cosmology, science can’t, either…[And] in my opinion…it takes more faith for mature and rational thinkers to believe in the randomness of evolution than it does to believe in Intelligent Design.” I shared Chandra Wickramasinghe’s famous quote comparing the likeliness of random evolution to a typhoon whirling through a junkyard and the pieces coincidentally falling together to construct one of the most impressive airliners mankind has made to date. Earlier on, I quoted Chuck Missler’s example of random evolution in comparison to his accidentally placing a pile of black and white beads on a string and spelling out Genesis 1:1 in Morse code. I referred back to his explanations of the extremely complicated hemoglobin and how the most basic rules of mathematics in science and physics rule out development by mere natural occurrence, calling it “absurd,” and followed it with many other of his comments regarding the implausibility of evolution being the sole source behind the entire animal kingdom—let alone humanity. There’s no way around it: Though nothing is wrong with following, studying, and appreciating the discoveries of science—as even I have done herein—what I said before remains true: “One can remove God from the picture and disassociate their scientific creeds from all labels resembling ‘religion,’ but…: Both religion and science, when it comes to the great cosmological debate, require believing in something we cannot see.”

Today, “hippies” are not the problem. Secularists are the problem…

…and their god goes by the name “science.”

How many secularists find themselves entertaining the possibility of a God “out there somewhere” when their lives take a turn that provides such a reflective occasion? Is there something to that “God-shaped vacuum/hole” that French philosopher and theologian Blaise Pascal talked about so long ago? Does the Spirit call out to the unsaved—constantly but gently—reminding them that there is something or Someone bigger than they are, whom they long to know?

Well, yes. The Bible tells us so (John 16:7–11).

Will Christian soldiers be willing to engage in this invisible but very real war for the souls of the lost, even when that is uncomfortable? Even when that requires us to say, do, or write things that might be less popular among other leaders of the Church who would rather hobnob among like-minded folks every Sunday morning and shake hands about having “figured it all out” like the leadership of Chuck Smith in Jesus Revolution? Even when that means we have to embrace “weird”? Even if doing so might ostracize us from certain circles of critical people?

I ask this because I truly believe God personally revealed something to me several years ago from the balcony of a hotel in Arizona. The longer story is included in my previous book series, The Mystery of Jesus: From Genesis to Revelation, but instead of reiterating the whole testimony here, I’ll give you the bottom line (and you can read it there if you’re inclined). I was standing there completely flustered by a conversation with a member of our production team regarding an upcoming release. Out of the wild blue, He interrupted my human grumbling and gave me a download. As suddenly as the human brain can be interrupted, as the third volume of my Mystery series attests:

I saw riots in the news, buildings on fire, folks huddling underground in hiding. I felt the palpable hatred of brother against brother, smelled the sickening stench of human deception, and tasted the bile of the bloodshed of the innocent. Crosses were taken down from churches. Bibles were burning. Pastors were sleeping at the pulpits while their people were screaming. Grandparents were praying in tears and on their knees while their young grandchildren were porn addicts. White powders and needles were casually lying in dumpsters in the alley and nobody cared. Disease and pandemic was spreading like a brushfire and nobody was immune while women of the night continued to sell themselves for a meal. Busses and other public transportation vehicles were floating slowly downstream in a dirty flood filled with uprooted, dead plants. Military troops fired guns at will. Earthquakes destroyed immense buildings and monuments. Weather maladies of all kinds rained down on vulnerable humanity. Chaos, anarchy, disorder, and confusion were the norm, while hands in high places were shaking on foreign deals from every platform in government.

…And all of this flickered through my head before the year 2020 brought even a fraction of this picture to fruition.[v]

In bizarre juxtaposition to all this darkness, I distinctly heard the voice of the Lord: “The Great Awakening has already begun. It’s in the beginning phases. Only those with eyes to see and ears to hear will see it and hear it. It’s starting with My people, My true people, while a good portion of the Church and the world around it are asleep and unaware.”

Another Great Awakening isn’t coming “despite” today’s demoralization; it’s coming “because of” today’s demoralization. From the ashes of pure, unadulterated chaos, God brings order…and revival.

Sound familiar? It should. It’s what this whole series and the new book Before Genesis has been about. God did it before, when this planet called “Earth” was despairing in a tohu-bohu state of desolation. He did it again with the Great Awakenings of recent Western history. He did it with the “hippies” of the Jesus People Movement through the people whose first response was to shun what was weird and cordially uninvite them from their midst.

And He’s doing it again right now. At this very second.

Please listen: God is taking the current secularists—those “weirdos” we would rather shun and ostracize than “waste time on” or minister to—and breathing new life into their old bones (cf., Ezekiel 37:5–10). From within their circles of veiled but very real science worship, He is calling and equipping leaders who will stop at nothing and slow down for no one while they preach the Gospel with a roar that will break down demonic walls and usher in a fire we haven’t seen since the outpouring of the Spirit at Pentecost in Acts 2. Some of today’s staunchest adherents to the secular sciences are going to be tomorrow’s leaders of what could be—and God, I pray it is—the grandest display of “Jesus revolution” this Old Earth has ever seen.

But sadly, some of these potential ministers will question the Spirit’s calling and voice because, at some point, a well-meaning Christian will have told them that “the Bible says” Earth cannot be what we observe it to be and, therefore, the God of the Bible is less relevant to their life than whatever headline appears on tomorrow’s science journals. But remember, fellow brothers and sisters in Christ, those headlines tell a bleak story: one that begins when “nothing” exploded billions of years ago and ends in the return to nothingness. Anyone who truly believes in that is, even if deep down, open to a different Story—one that gives their life purpose. They may resist and deny, they may even curse, flail, agitate, roll eyes, scoff, and laugh in your face, among a thousand other fathomable reactions to your Good News. But at the end of the day, when they are alone and made to fearfully face the end of their own existence and consciousness as the god called “science” narrates—which is nothingness in the beginning and nothingness in the end—the depths of their spirit, even from their subconscious minds, will cry out for something more substantial, gratifying, and purposeful.

There is a movement of the Savior coming…and it’s gonna be messy. Instead of bell-bottoms and long hair, we’re going to be confronted with young people who are sneering about our God while the labs are their god. If the two—God and science—could ever harmonize, can you imagine the harvest?!

Believers must be willing to engage in the conversation that merges science with the Master Scientist and what He spoke in His Word…and Before Genesis is one way to do that.

So, have I “started a war” by writing this book and series?

Well, if the “war” in question is between me and other Christians who want to argue their positions while the world is dying all around them, then I’m sorry. Forgive me in advance when I ignore the angry phone calls and emails. But if the “war” is between Christian soldiers and the forces of darkness who would keep these young, precious, scientifically minded souls—each one a creation of the Creator—captive forever under the weight of the enemy’s grandest deception that God and science are unrelated…then I have my answer: By God, I hope so.

[i] Siliezar, Juan, “The Cataclysm that Killed the Dinosaurs,” February 15, 2021, Harvard Gazette, last accessed April 25, 2023,

[ii] Ibid.

[iii] Jones, Meghan, “10 Biggest Unsolved Mysteries About Planet Earth,” August 4, 2021, Reader’s Digest, last accessed May 1, 2023,

[iv] Barrett, Paul, quoted in: Osterloff, Emily, “How an Asteroid Ended the Age of the Dinosaurs,” Natural History Museum, last accessed April 25, 2023,

[v] Howell, Donna, The Mystery of Jesus: From Genesis to Revelation: Volume Three: The Apocolypse (Crane, MO: Defender Publishing; 2022), 198–199.

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